TIME LINE

WOMEN IN MUSIC AND

THEIR STRUGGLE

FOR EQUAL RIGHTS

Copyright 2004 by Karen A. Shaffer

Maud Powell voting
in the New York State election, 1919.

"I was raised in an atmosphere charged with the then radical spirit of woman suffrage. . . . Through my girlhood years there persisted an undercurrent of thought that urged me ever onward - to try to prove that a woman could do her work as thoroughly, as capably and as convincingly as a man. Indeed throughout long years I fought my battle against prejudice, even as Camilla Urso - revered be her memory - fought the battle before me. In my early days, the names of Mrs. Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were household words. I remember with affection the gentle, honest nature of that good woman 'Susan B.' who took a real interest in my future career, even giving me my first nest-egg, a gold sovereign, toward buying a 'Cremona' violin. Both women wanted the little American girl to show the world that a woman could 'fiddle as well as a man.'" -- Maud Powell

YEAR EVENT
1833 Oberlin College founded, first to admit qualified female students
1838 Wilma Neruda, later Lady Hallé, born in Moravia
1842 Camilla Urso, violinist, born, Nantes, France
1843 Adelina Patti, Italian opera singer, born
1844 Amy Fay, American pianist, born
1848 Seneca Falls NY Convention, led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott, formal organization of women's struggle for equal rights
1850 Camilla Urso becomes first female violin student admitted to the Paris Conservatoire
1851 Susan B. Anthony meets Elizabeth Cady Stanton
1852 Camilla Urso begins U.S. tours
1852 Antioch College admits women
1855 U. of Iowa founded, first state university to admit women
1857 Julia Rivé-King, American pianist, born
Lillian Nordica (Norton), American opera singer, born
1858

Marcella Sembrich, opera singer, pianist, violinist, born in Poland

1865 Fanny Bloomfield-Zeisler, American pianist, born
Emma Eames, American opera singer, born
1867 Maud Powell born in Peru, IL
1867 Amy Beach, American composer and pianist, born in Henniker, NH
1867 Geraldine Morgan, American violinist, born
1867 Margaret Ruthven Lang, American composer, born in Boston
1867 Kansas State referendum upholds law denying women suffrage
1867 Clara Bauer (1835-1912) founds Cincinnati Conservatory of Music
1868 Julius Eichberg appointed Director of the Boston Conservatory. Teaches women violin students.
1871 Louise Homer, American opera singer, born
1872 U.S. Supreme Court upholds denial of Mrs. Myra Bradwell's right to practice law in Illinois because she is a woman, despite the fact that she was a practicing attorney in another state.
1874 U.S. Supreme Court upholds Missouri's denial to women of the right to vote in Minor v. Happersett
1876 Sara B. Hershey founds Hershey School of Musical Art, Chicago
1878 Eichberg String Quartette, first professional female quartet led by Lillian Shattuck, a graduate of the Boston Conservatory, pupil of Julius Eichberg
1879 Belva Lockwood becomes the first woman lawyer to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court
1879 Leonora Jackson, American violinist, born
1882 Pianist Olga Samaroff (Lucy Hickenlooper) born in Texas
1882 Geraldine Farrar and Alma Gluck, opera singers, born
1885 Maud Powell makes U.S. debut
1885 Jeanette Thurber founds National Conservatory of Music in New York City
1885 Amy Beach, pianist, makes U.S. debut with Boston Symphony Orchestra
1888 Fadette Women's Orchestra of Boston established, Caroline B. Nichols, conductor
1890 Kathleen Parlow, Canadian violinist, is born
1890 Jeanette Thurber organizes first American Composers' Concert, Lincoln Hall, Washington, DC, includes music by Margaret Ruthven Lang
1893 World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago -- Women's Musical Congress - Powell and Urso speak on Women's Role in Music Profession, Beach and Powell perform together
1893 Los Angeles Women's Symphony established
1894 Maud Powell String Quartet, first to be led by a woman with male players
1896 Amy Beach's Gaelic Symphony premiered by Boston SO
1898-1899 Lady Hallé tours U.S.
1899 Women's Philharmonic Society of NY, established by Melusina Fay Peirce
1900 Amy Beach performs in premiere of her Piano Concerto in C sharp minor, op. 45
1900 Elinor Remick Warren, composer, born in Los Angeles
1902 Camilla Urso dies
1903 Olive Mead String Quartet formed
1903 NY Musicians Union joins the American Federation of Labor, opening union membership and orchestra jobs to women in NY
1903 Harriet Gibbs Marshall (1869-1941) founds Washington Conservatory of Music
1911 Lady Hallé dies
1911 Mary Cornwall Davenport Engberg forms & conducts Bellingham, Washington Orchestra of men/women players
1912 Woman's Suffrage Movement Parade in NY
1913 English suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst speaks at Madison Square Garden, NY
1916 First woman member of U.S. House of Representatives elected
1917 New York State grants women right to vote
1917 Janet Daniels Schenk founds Manhattan School of Music in New York
1919 Maud Powell votes in New York State election
1919 Congress passes 19th Amendment to U.S. Constitution, granting women the right to vote
1920 Maud Powell dies
1920 Nineteenth Amendment ratified
1923 Mary Cornwall Davenport Engberg conducts Seattle Symphony Orchestra in 5 concerts
1924 Mary Louise Curtis Bok (1876-1970) founds Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia
1925 Alfred Hertz hires first female string players, San Francisco Symphony Orchestra

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